Summary of study ST001704

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench, https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001090. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8T12F This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.

See: https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/about/howtocite.php

This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST001704
Study TitleSclerostin antibody increases trabecular bone and bone mechanical properties by increasing osteoblast activity damaged by whole-body irradiation in mice
Study TypeBasic research
Study SummaryIrradiation therapy causes bone deterioration and increased risk for skeletal-related events. Irradiation interferes with trabecular architecture through increased osteoclastic activity, decreased osteoblastic activity, and increased adipocyte expansion in the bone marrow (BM), which further compounds bone-related disease. Neutralizing antibodies to sclerostin (Scl-Ab) increase bone mass and strength by increasing bone formation and reducing bone resorption. We hypothesized that treatment with Scl-Ab would attenuate the adverse effects of irradiation by increasing bone volume and decreasing BM adipose tissue (BMAT), resulting in better quality bone. In this study, 12-week-old female C57BL/6J mice were exposed to 6 Gy whole-body irradiation or were non-irradiated, then administered Scl-Ab (25 mg/kg) or vehicle weekly for 5 weeks. Femoral ┬ÁCT analysis confirmed that the overall effect of IR significantly decreased trabecular bone volume/total volume (Tb.BV/TV) (2-way ANOVA, p<0.0001) with a -43.8% loss in Tb.BV/TV in the IR control group. Scl-Ab independently increased Tb.BV/TV by 3.07-fold in non-irradiated and 3.6-fold in irradiated mice (2-way ANOVA, p<0.0001). Irradiation did not affect cortical parameters, although Scl-Ab increased cortical thickness and area significantly in both irradiated and non-irradiated mice (2-way ANOVA, p<0.0001). Femoral mechanical testing confirmed Scl-Ab significantly increased bending rigidity and ultimate moment independently of irradiation (2-way ANOVA, p<0.0001). Static and dynamic histomorphometry of the femoral metaphysis revealed osteoblast vigor, not number, was significantly increased in the irradiated mice treated with Scl-Ab. Systemic alterations were assessed through serum lipidomic analysis, which showed that Scl-Ab normalized lipid profiles in the irradiated group. This data supports the theory of sclerostin as a novel contributor to the regulation of osteoblast activity after irradiation. Overall, our data support the hypothesis that Scl-Ab ameliorates the deleterious effects of whole-body irradiation on bone and adipose tissue in a mouse model. Our findings suggest that future research into localized and systemic therapies after irradiation exposure is warranted.
Institute
Mainehealth
Last NameVary
First NameCalvin
Address81 Research Drive, Scarborough, ME, USA 04074
Emailvaryc@mmc.org
Phone2073968148
Submit Date2021-02-10
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s).wiff
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2021-03-01
Release Version1
Calvin Vary Calvin Vary
https://dx.doi.org/10.21228/M8T12F
ftp://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/Studies/ application/zip

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Combined analysis:

Analysis ID AN002775 AN002776
Analysis type MS MS
Chromatography type None (Direct infusion) None (Direct infusion)
Chromatography system Sciex TripleTOF 5600 Sciex TripleTOF 5600
Column none none
MS Type ESI ESI
MS instrument type QTOF QTOF
MS instrument name ABI Sciex 5600 TripleTOF ABI Sciex 5600 TripleTOF
Ion Mode POSITIVE NEGATIVE
Units m/z m/z
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