Summary of study ST001244

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench, https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000831. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M88H5F This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.

See: https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/about/howtocite.php

This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST001244
Study TitleUropathogenic versus Urocolonizing Escherichia coli
Study SummaryUrinary tract infections (UTIs) represent a major burden across the population, although key facets of their pathogenesis challenge physicians and investigators alike. Escherichia coli epitomizes these obstacles: this Gram-negative bacterial species is the most prevalent agent of UTIs worldwide and can also colonize the urogenital tract in a phenomenon known as asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). Unfortunately, at the level of the organism, the relationship between symptomatic UTI and ASB is poorly defined, confounding our understanding of microbial pathogenesis and strategies for clinical management. Unlike diarrheagenic pathotypes of E. coli, the definition of uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) remains phenomenologic, without conserved phenotypes and (known) genetic determinants that rigorously distinguish UTI- and ASB-associated strains. This manuscript provides a cross-disciplinary review of the current issues – from interrelated mechanistic and diagnostic perspectives – and describes new opportunities by which clinical resources can be leveraged to overcome molecular challenges. Specifically, we present our work harnessing a large collection of patient-derived isolates to identify features that do (and do not) distinguish UTI- from ASB-associated E. coli strains. Analyses of biofilm formation, previously reported to be higher in ASB strains, revealed extensive phenotypic heterogeneity that did not correlate with symptomatology. However, metabolomic experiments revealed distinct signatures between ASB and cystitis isolates, including species in the purine pathway (previously shown to be critical for intracellular survival during acute infection). Together, these studies demonstrate how large-scale, wild-type approaches can help dissect the physiology of colonization-versus-infection, suggesting that the molecular definition of UPEC may rest at the level of global bacterial metabolism.
Institute
Vanderbilt University
Last NameRutledge
First NameAlexandra
Address7330 Stevenson Center Lane, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, 37235, USA
Emaila.rutledge@vanderbilt.edu
Phone6155046923
Submit Date2019-08-14
Raw Data AvailableYes
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2020-03-03
Release Version1
Alexandra Rutledge Alexandra Rutledge
https://dx.doi.org/10.21228/M88H5F
ftp://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/Studies/ application/zip

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Project:

Project ID:PR000831
Project DOI:doi: 10.21228/M88H5F
Project Title:Uropathogenic versus Urocolonizing Escherichia coli
Project Summary:Urinary tract infections (UTIs) represent a major burden across the population, although key facets of their pathogenesis challenge physicians and investigators alike. Escherichia coli epitomizes these obstacles: this Gram-negative bacterial species is the most prevalent agent of UTIs worldwide and can also colonize the urogenital tract in a phenomenon known as asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). Unfortunately, at the level of the organism, the relationship between symptomatic UTI and ASB is poorly defined, confounding our understanding of microbial pathogenesis and strategies for clinical management. Unlike diarrheagenic pathotypes of E. coli, the definition of uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) remains phenomenologic, without conserved phenotypes and (known) genetic determinants that rigorously distinguish UTI- and ASB-associated strains. This manuscript provides a cross-disciplinary review of the current issues – from interrelated mechanistic and diagnostic perspectives – and describes new opportunities by which clinical resources can be leveraged to overcome molecular challenges. Specifically, we present our work harnessing a large collection of patient-derived isolates to identify features that do (and do not) distinguish UTI- from ASB-associated E. coli strains. Analyses of biofilm formation, previously reported to be higher in ASB strains, revealed extensive phenotypic heterogeneity that did not correlate with symptomatology. However, metabolomic experiments revealed distinct signatures between ASB and cystitis isolates, including species in the purine pathway (previously shown to be critical for intracellular survival during acute infection). Together, these studies demonstrate how large-scale, wild-type approaches can help dissect the physiology of colonization-versus-infection, suggesting that the molecular definition of UPEC may rest at the level of global bacterial metabolism.
Institute:Vanderbilt University
Last Name:Rutledge
First Name:Alexandra
Address:7330 Stevenson Center Lane, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, 37235, USA
Email:a.rutledge@vanderbilt.edu
Phone:6155046923
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