Summary of Study ST000218

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench, https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000160. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8JG6Z This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.

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Study IDST000218
Study TitleRole of Microbiome in Psoriatic Arthritis (SCFA in PsA)
Study TypeShort-chain fatty acid analysis
Study SummaryTo characterize the diversity and taxonomic relative abundance of the gut microbiota in patients with never-treated, recent-onset psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods High-throughput 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing was utilized to compare the community composition of gut microbiota in patients with PsA (n = 16), patients with psoriasis of the skin (n = 15), and healthy, matched control subjects (n = 17). Samples were further assessed for the presence and levels of fecal and serum secretory IgA (sIgA), proinflammatory proteins, and fatty acids. Results The gut microbiota observed in patients with PsA and patients with skin psoriasis was less diverse when compared to that in healthy controls. This could be attributed to the reduced presence of several taxa. Samples from both patient groups showed a relative decrease in abundance of Coprococcus species, while samples from PsA patients were also characterized by a significant reduction in Akkermansia, Ruminococcus, and Pseudobutyrivibrio. Supernatants of fecal samples from PsA patients revealed an increase in sIgA levels and decrease in RANKL levels. Analysis of fatty acids revealed low fecal quantities of hexanoate and heptanoate in both patients with PsA and patients with psoriasis. Conclusion Patients with PsA and patients with skin psoriasis had a lower relative abundance of multiple intestinal bacteria. Although some genera were concomitantly decreased in both conditions, PsA samples had a lower abundance of reportedly beneficial taxa. This gut microbiota profile in PsA was similar to that previously described in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and was associated with changes in specific inflammatory proteins unique to this group, and distinct from that in patients with skin psoriasis and healthy controls. Thus, the role of the gut microbiome in the continuum of psoriasis–PsA pathogenesis and the associated immune response merits further study. Research is published: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/art.38892/full
Institute
University of Michigan
DepartmentBiomedical Research Core Facilities
LaboratoryMetabolomics core
Last NameKachman
First NameMaureen
Address6300 Brehm Tower, 1000 Wall Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-5714
Email mkachman@umich.edu
Submit Date2015-06-08
Num Groups4
Total Subjects89
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)d
Uploaded File Size16 M
Analysis Type DetailGC-MS
Release Date2015-12-28
Release Version1
Maureen Kachman Maureen Kachman
https://dx.doi.org/10.21228/M8JG6Z
ftp://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/Studies/ application/zip

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Sample Preparation:

Sampleprep ID:SP000239
Sampleprep Protocol Filename:SCFA_analysis_protocol-2015-03-10.docx
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